Adhkaar To Be Recited Immediately After Fard Salaah

 

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Adhkaar To Be Recited Immediately After Fard Salaah

Salaah is one of the fundamental pillars of Islam. It is a means of connecting directly with Allah Ta’ala. It is a state of spiritual connection, revival and revolution for an individual. The most effective Salaah is the one closest to the Sunnah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) advised us how to perform Salaah. He even advised us how to conduct ourselves immediately after Salaah.

As human beings, we are weak. We cannot fulfil the rights of Allah Ta’ala in Salaah. However, despite our weakness and shortcomings, Allah Ta’ala is Al-Shakoor. He appreciates the broken efforts of His sincere servants. Therefore, the time after Salaah should be dedicated to Istighfaar and seeking forgiveness from Allah Ta’ala for not fulfilling the Haqq of Allah Ta’ala. The time after Salaah is a time to focus on Allah Ta’ala being Al-Shakoor. After making Istighfaar and expressing one’s weakness and humbleness before Allah Ta’ala, praise Allah Ta’ala and make Dua to Allah Ta’ala. Present your needs of Aakhirah and worldly needs to Allah Ta’ala after Salaah.

 

See the following Ahadith:

 

  1. Du’a after Salaah:

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ، قَالَ قِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَىُّ الدُّعَاءِ أَسْمَعُ قَالَ : جَوْفُ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرُ وَدُبُرَ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْمَكْتُوبَاتِ ‏(جامع الترمذي: 3499)

Translation: Abu Umamah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrated: “It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), which supplication is most likely to be listened to?’ He said: ‘(During) the last part of the night, and after of the obligatory prayers.” (Jami Al-Tirmidhi: 3499)

  1. Istighfaar after Salaah:

ثَوْبَانَ، مَوْلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا انْصَرَفَ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ اسْتَغْفَرَ ثَلاَثًا عن (صحيح مسلم: 591)‏ 

Translation: Thauban (Radhiyallahu Anhu) the freed slave of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam  reported: When Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam finished his prayer, He recited Istighfaar three times. (Sahih Muslim: 591)

  1. Praise Allah Ta’ala after Salaah:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا سَلَّمَ قَالَ ‏: اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَالإِكْرَامِ (سنن ابي داود: 1512)

Translation: Aishah (Radhiyallahu Anha) said: When Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam finished his prayer, he used to say: “O Allah, You are As-Salam, and from you is As-Salam. You are blessed, Oh One of Magnificence and Generosity.”(Sunan Abu Dawud: 1512)

 

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Thereafter, it is advisable for one read any of the following Adhkaar mentioned in the Ahadith:

  1. Tasbeeh: Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, Allahu Akbar thirty-three times each:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مَنْ سَبَّحَ اللَّهَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ وَكَبَّرَ اللَّهَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ فَتِلْكَ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ وَقَالَ تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ غُفِرَتْ خَطَايَاهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ (صحيح مسلم: 597) ‏”

Translation: Abu Huraira (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: If anyone says Subhanallah after every prayer thirty-three times, Alhamdulillah thirty-three times, Allahu Akbar thirty-three times, ninety-nine times in all, and says to complete a hundred:” There is no god but Allah, having no partner with Him, to Him belongs sovereignty and to Him is praise due, and He is Potent over everything,” his sins will be forgiven even If these are as abundant as the foam of the sea. (Sahih Muslim: 597)

 

  1. Recite Ayatul Kursi:

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ قَرَأَ آيَةَ الْكُرْسِيِّ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ لَمْ يَمْنَعْهُ مِنْ دُخُولِ الْجَنَّةِ إِلَّا أَنْ يَمُوتَ (السنن الكبري للنسائي: 9848)

Translation: Sayyiduna Abu Umamah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Whoever recites Ayatul Kursi after every Salaah, the only barrier between him and paradise is death.” (Al-Sunan Al-Kubra Li Al-Nasai: 9848)

 

  1. Recite the fourth Kalimah along with the following Dua’s:

أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ، يُحَدِّثُ عَلَى هَذَا الْمِنْبَرِ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا سَلَّمَ يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ لاَ نَعْبُدُ إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ أَهْلَ النِّعْمَةِ وَالْفَضْلِ وَالثَّنَاءِ الْحَسَنِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ ‏” (سنن النسائي: 1339)

‏Translation: Abu Az-Zubair Rahimahullah said: “I heard Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (Radhiyallahu Anhu) speaking from the Minbar, saying: ‘When Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said the Salam, he would say: “There is none worthy of worship except Allah alone, with no partner or associate. His is the Dominion, to Him be all praise, and He is able to do all things; there is no power and no strength except with Allah the Almighty. There is none worthy of worship except Allah, and we worship none but Him, the source of blessing and kindness and the One Who is deserving of all good praise. There is none worthy of worship except Allah, and we are sincere in faith and devotion to Him even though the disbelievers detest it. (Sunan Al-Nasai: 1339)

عنْ وَرَّادٍ، مَوْلَى الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ قَالَ كَتَبَ الْمُغِيرَةُ إِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ إِذَا سَلَّمَ ‏ “‏ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ، وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ، وَهْوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ، اللَّهُمَّ لاَ مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْتَ، وَلاَ مُعْطِيَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ، وَلاَ يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْكَ الْجَدُّ (صحيح البخاري: 6330)

‏Translation: Narrated Warrad (the freed slave of Al-Mughira bin Shu`ba) that Al-Mughira wrote to Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan (Radhiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam used to utter (these words) at the completion of prayer: “There is no god but Allah. He is alone and there is no partner with Him. Sovereignty belongs to Him and to Him is praise due and He is Potent over everything. O Allah! no one can withhold what Thou givest, or give what Thou withholdest, and riches cannot avail a wealthy person with Thee.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari: 6330)

 

  1. Recite Surah Al-Ikhlaas, Surah Al-Falaq and Surah Al-Nas after every Salaah:

عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، قَالَ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ أَقْرَأَ الْمُعَوِّذَاتِ دُبُرَ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ (سنن النسائي: 1336)

Translation: It was narrated that ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amr (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said: “Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam commanded me to recite Al-Mu’awwidhat following every prayer.” (Sunan Al-Nasai: 1336)

 

  1. Recite the following Du’a:

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ

عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ وَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا مُعَاذُ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأُحِبُّكَ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأُحِبُّكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أُوصِيكَ يَا مُعَاذُ لاَ تَدَعَنَّ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ تَقُولُ اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ (سنن ابي داود: 1522)

Translation: Mu’adh Ibn Jabal (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam caught his hand and said: By Allah, I love you, Mu’adh. I give some instruction to you. Never leave to recite this supplication after every (prescribed) prayer: “O Allah, help me in remembering You, in giving You thanks, and worshipping You well.” (Sunan Abi Dawud: 1522)

 

  1. Recite the following seven times after Fajr and Maghrib Salaah :

اللَّهُمَّ أَجِرْنِي مِنَ النَّارِ

عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، مُسْلِمِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ التَّمِيمِيِّ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ أَسَرَّ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا انْصَرَفْتَ مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ فَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ أَجِرْنِي مِنَ النَّارِ ‏.‏ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا قُلْتَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ مِتَّ فِي لَيْلَتِكَ كُتِبَ لَكَ جِوَارٌ مِنْهَا وَإِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الصُّبْحَ فَقُلْ كَذَلِكَ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ مِتَّ فِي يَوْمِكَ كُتِبَ لَكَ جِوَارٌ مِنْهَا (سنن ابي داود: 5079)

Translation: ‏ Al-Harith Bin Muslim al-Tamimi quoted his father Muslim Bin Al-Harith Al-Tamimi (Radhiyallahu Anhu) as saying that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam told him secretly: When you finish the sunset prayer, say: ‘O Allah, protect me from Hell’ seven times; for if you say that and die that night, protection from it would be recorded for you; and when you finish the dawn prayer, say it in a similar way, for if you die that day, protection from it would be recorded for you. (Sunan Abi Dawud: 5079)

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After reciting whatever he can from the aforementioned Adhkaar, one should perform his Sunnah. It is Mustahab (preferable) for one to change places to perform his Sunnah.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ أَيَعْجِزُ أَحَدُكُمْ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْوَارِثِ ‏”‏ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ أَوْ يَتَأَخَّرَ أَوْ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ أَوْ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ فِي حَدِيثِ حَمَّادٍ ‏”‏ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏”‏‏.‏ يَعْنِي فِي السُّبْحَةِ (سنن ابي داود: 1006)

Translation: It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Is anyone of you incapable, (according to the version of the narrator Abdul Warith) when he prays, of stepping forwards or backwards, or to his right or left?” meaning in order to offer a voluntary prayer. (Sunan Abi-Dawud: 1006)

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Mahmood | darulmahmood.net

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