Spiritual Advices |  Lessons on the ‘Lockdown’ from Ahadeeth | The Bounties of Safety, Health and Daily Provision

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Spiritual Advices |  Lessons on the ‘Lockdown’ from Ahadeeth | The Bounties of Safety, Health and Daily Provision

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‘Uthman bin ‘Affan RadiyAllahu Anhu narrated that the Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:

لَيْسَ لاِبْنِ آدَمَ حَقٌّ فِي سِوَى هَذِهِ الْخِصَالِ بَيْتٌ يَسْكُنُهُ وَثَوْبٌ يُوَارِي عَوْرَتَهُ وَجِلْفُ الْخُبْزِ وَالْمَاءِ

“There is no right for the son of Adam in other than these things: A house which he lives in, a garment which covers his nakedness, and Jilf (a piece of bread) and water.” [Tirmidhi]

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Salamah bin ‘Ubaidullah bin Mihsan Al-Khatmi RadiyAllahu Anhu narrated that his father said that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:

مَنْ أَصْبَحَ مِنْكُمْ آمِنًا فِي سِرْبِهِ مُعَافًى فِي جَسَدِهِ عِنْدَهُ قُوتُ يَوْمِهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا حِيزَتْ لَهُ الدُّنْيَا

Whoever amongst you rises in the morning, secured (having safety, security, peace) in his self / family / path; healthy in his body (from deadly diseases); having sufficient food for the day; then it is as if the world has been gathered for him.” [Tirmidhi]

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Spiritual Advices of Mufti Ebrahim Desai
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Spiritual Advices | Exercise Precaution – Negligence is Sin

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Spiritual Advices | Exercise Precaution – Negligence is Sin

 

Abu Huraira reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said,

كُنْ وَرِعًا تَكُنْ أَعْبَدَ النَّاسِ وَكُنْ قَنِعًا تَكُنْ أَشْكَرَ النَّاسِ وَأَحِبَّ لِلنَّاسِ مَا تُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِكَ تَكُنْ مُؤْمِنًا وَأَحْسِنْ جِوَارَ مَنْ جَاوَرَكَ تَكُنْ مُسْلِمًا وَأَقِلَّ الضَّحِكَ فَإِنَّ كَثْرَةَ الضَّحِكِ تُمِيتُ الْقَلْبَ

Be devout and you will be the most pious of people. Be content and you will be the most grateful of people. Love for people what you love for yourself and you will be a believer. Behave well with your neighbours and you will be a Muslim. Laugh less, for too much laughter will deaden the heart.” [Sunan Ibn Mājah 4217]

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CoronaVirus | Should Congregational Salaah Continue?

Q&A.Darulmahmoodnet

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Question:

Please can the honourable Ulama provide some proactive guidance on what steps one should take in light of the Coronavirus – Covid19 outbreak and address potential concerns that people may have in terms of congregating at Masaajid?

The virus can remain asymptomatic for around 14 days and other in other cases researchers suggest that the incubation period may even be up to 24 to 27 days before symptoms such as fever, cough and respiratory issues become apparent. Besides those with evident signs and diagnosed with the virus being contagious, it does not rule out that those in the asymptomatic stage may also be contagious but to a lower degree. The virus is spread or caught – if Allah permits – via droplets in the air.

Taking into consideration that this virus based upon existing trends and reports has substantial potential to spread rapidly in the community; should otherwise healthy or asymptomatic individuals take precaution and offer some of their congregational prayers at home and limit their attendance and praying in public Masaajid settings? Except understandably Jumu’ah,Taraweeh & Eid prayers unless an individual has been advised to self-isolate based upon medical professional assessment or advice.

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The Islamic Perspective of CoronaVirus and Useful Guidelines

Coronavirus

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The Islamic Perspective of CoronaVirus and Useful Guidelines

It is our belief that every virus, epidemic and sickness is decreed only by Allah. An epidemic does not spread by itself. This is understood from the following Hadith: 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ طِيَرَةَ / صحيح البخاري: ٥٧٥٧

Translation: It is narrated from Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, “There is no transitive disease and no evil omen ………” (Sahih Al- Bukhari: 5757)

. . .

أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: لاَ عَدْوَى فَقَامَ أَعْرَابِيٌّ فَقَالَ 

أَرَأَيْتَ الإِبِلَ، تَكُونُ فِي الرِّمَالِ أَمْثَالَ الظِّبَاءِ، فَيَأْتِيهَا البَعِيرُ الأَجْرَبُ فَتَجْرَبُ؟ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: فَمَنْ أَعْدَى الأَوَّلَ

(صحيح البخاري: ٥٧٧٥)

Translation : Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, “there is no transitive disease”. A Bedouin got up and said, “Don’t you see how camels on the sand look like deer but when a camel with scabies mixes with them, they all get infected with scabies?” On that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, “Then who conveyed the disease to the first camel?” (Sahih Al- Bukhari: 5775)

It is clear from the above Ahadith that an epidemic/virus does not independently spread. It is decreed by Allah and spreads by the will of Allah. 

We live in a world of apparent cause and effect. Allah has created an apparent cause for the epidemic/virus to spread. 

During the rule of Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu), a sever plague broke out in Syria (Shaam) which claimed the lives of thousands of people. If a Muslim passes away in a plague/epidemic, he will be considered a Shaheed (martyr).

. . .

Hereunder are some Islamic guidelines on what we should do in our circumstance of the Corona Virus : 

1. Correct our belief/ Aqidah:

It is our belief that every condition is decreed by Allah. Allah Ta’ala says:

قُل لَّن يُصِيبَنَآ إِلَّا مَا كَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَنَا هُوَ مَوْلَىٰنَا وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ

(التوبة: ٥١)

Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is our Maula (Lord, Helper and Protector). And in Allah let the believers put their trust. (Surah Taubah: 51)

. . .

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

(التغابن: ١١)

No calamity befalls (one), but with the leave/permission of Allah. And whoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is All-Knowing about all things. (Al- Taghabun: 11)

. . .

This is a test of our Iman. We should submit to the will of Allah. Allah Ta’ala states:

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوفْ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الأَمَوَالِ وَالأنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ 

(البقرة: ١٥٥)

And We will surely test you with some fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits (investments etc.) … (Al- Baqarah: 155)

 

2. Travels:

One should not travel to countries where there is a high risk of being infected by the virus nor should people who are infected by the virus flee from places that are infected by the virus.

This is understood from the following Ahadith: 

يُحَدِّثُ سَعْدًا، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: إِذَا سَمِعْتُمْ بِالطَّاعُونِ بِأَرْضٍ فَلاَ تَدْخُلُوهَا، وَإِذَا وَقَعَ بِأَرْضٍ وَأَنْتُمْ بِهَا فَلاَ تَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَ 

(صحيح البخاري: ٥٧٢٨)

Sa’ad (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates from Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, “If you hear of an outbreak of plague in a land, do not enter it; and if the plague breaks out in a place while you are in it, do not leave from it.” (Sahih Al- Bukhari: 5728)

If possible, as a matter of precaution, it is advisable to abandon all travel plans. 

 

3. Taharah and Cleanliness:

Shariah has emphasised on cleanliness and purity. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam says:

عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الْأَشْعَرِيِّ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: الطُّهُورُ شَطْرُ الْإِيمَانِ

(صحيح مسلم: ٢٢٣)

Abu Malik Al- Ash’ari (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Cleanliness is half of faith” (Sahih Muslim: 223)

. . .

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ, أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلى الله عَليه وسَلم كَانَ إِذَا عَطَسَ غَطَّى وَجْهَهُ بِيَدِهِ, أَوْ بِثَوْبِهِ 

(سنن الترمذي: ٢٧٤٥)

It has been narrated from Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu) that: Whenever Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam would sneeze, he would cover his mouth with his hand or a piece of cloth. (Sunan Al-Tirmidhi: 2745)

 

4. Disinfectants from Shariah

Coronavirus has been classified as an airborne disease. One possible way of preventing the virus from spreading is to disinfect the air with Loban and similar disinfectants.

This is understood from the following Hadith of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam :

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: تَبَخَّرُوا فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ بِاللُّبَانِ، وَالْمُرِّ، وَالصَّعْتَرِ

(المطالب العالية، ٢٤٤٨)

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam states, ‘Fumigate your houses with Loban, Murr (type of grass) and Sa’tar (pleasant smelling plant)’ (Al- Matalibul Aliyah, 2448)

. . .

جاء رجل إلى علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه فشكى إليه النسيان فقال: عليك باللبان فإنه يشجع القلب ويذهب بالنسيان

(الطب النبوي، ٦٤٧)

A man came to Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu), he complained of having a weak memory. Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) replied: Make use of Loban, for verily it strengthens the heart and enhances the memory. (At- Tibun Nabawi, 647)

. . .

قَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ خَالِدٍ: شَيْئَانِ يُورِثَانِ الْعَقْلَ: التِّينُ الْيَابِسُ إِذَا أُكِلَ، وَدُخَانُ اللِّبَانِ إِذَا بُخِّرَ بِهِ

(المجالسة: ٢٣٤٨)

Yahya bin Khalid states, two items that strengthen the brain, consuming a dry fig and the fumes of burnt Loban. (Al- Mujalash: 2348)

Loban is the resin of a tree, Styrax Benzoin. It is extracted by making an incision on the stem of the tree; the secreted liquid is collected dried and sold for usage. It is the source of Benzoin acid, when burnt, its fumes are used as a deodorant and as an antiseptic in sick rooms and hospitals. The fumigation of Loban serves as a good insect repellent, antiseptic and fights epidemics. 

 

5. Turn to Allah Ta’ala with Dua and seeking forgiveness (Istighfar) and offer Sadaqah: 

When we experience any calamity, we should address it from a practical dimension as well as from a spiritual dimension. While the world Health Organizations are researching the cause of the Coronavirus and its cure, the Ummat should also engage in Dua and seek forgiveness from Allah Ta’ala. This virus could attack anyone at any time. Making Istighfar invokes the mercy of Allah and changes negative conditions into positive conditions.

This is stated in the following verses of the Quran: 

اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا. يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا. وَيُمْدِدْكُمْ بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ أَنْهَارًا

(نوح: ١٠ – ١٢)

…. Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is ever a Perpetual Forgiver. ‘He will send rain to you in abundance. And give you increase in wealth and children and provide for you gardens and provide for you rivers. (Surah Nuh: 10 – 12)

 

We advise the following Dua be recited as much as possible:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْبَرَصِ وَالْجُنُونِ وَالْجُذَامِ وَمِنْ سَيِّئِ الأَسْقَامِ ‏

(ابو داؤد: ١٥٥٤)

“Allahumma inni a’udhu bika minal-barasi, wal- jununi, wal-judhami, wa sayyi’il-asqami’

“O Allah, I seek refuge in You from leprosy, insanity, elephantiasis (type of skin disease), and evil diseases.” (Abu Dawood: 1554)

 

Also, we should try to offer Sadaqah. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam says:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ: بَاكِرُوا بِالصَّدَقَةِ؛ فَإِنَّ الْبَلَاءَ لَا يَتَخَطَّى الصَّدَقَةَ

(سنن الكبرى: ٧٨٣١)

Anas (Radiyallahu Anhu) said: Hasten in giving Sadaqah, for verily calamity will not pass Sadaqah (Sunan Al- Kubra: 7831)

 

6. Don’t discriminate against people who are infected:

Whilst we take precaution in safeguarding ourselves from the virus, we should not stigmatize those affected with the virus. Be careful with our conduct and behavior. We should feel sorry for those that are affected and make Dua for them. Don’t conduct ourselves in a way that makes the Chinese people or anyone affected uncomfortable. Use the opportunity to display the beautiful ethics of Islam as a form of Dawah. 

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: لَمْ يَكُنِ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَاحِشًا وَلاَ مُتَفَحِّشًا، وَكَانَ يَقُولُ: إِنَّ مِنْ خِيَارِكُمْ أَحْسَنَكُمْ أَخْلاَقًا

(صحيح البخاري: ٣٥٥٩)

Abdullah bin ‘Amr (Radiyallahu Anhu) said: Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was never obscene or coarse. The Prophet would say, “Verily, the best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.” (Sahih Al- Bukhari: 3559)

عن عائشة، قالت: سمعتُ رسولَ الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: إنَّ المُؤْمِنَ ليُدرِكُ بِحُسنِ خُلُقِهِ درجةَ الصائِم القائِم

(سنن ابي داود: ٤٧٩٨)

Aishah (Radiyallahu Anha) narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Verily, the believer may reach by his good character the rank of one who regularly fasts and stands for prayer at night.” (Sunan Abi Dawood: 4798)

It is our heartfelt Dua that Allah Ta’ala have mercy upon us and remove this Coronavirus calamity from us. Aameen. 

It is now the time to turn towards Allah with Dua and Zikr. Allah alone has power over everything. 

Allah Ta’ala says: 

وَلِلّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَاللّهُ عَلَىَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

(المائدة: ١٧)

And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. He creates what He wills, and Allah has power over all things. (Al- Ma’idah: 17)

Indeed, Allah is in charge. Allah is in control of everything. 

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Mahmood | darulmahmood.net